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New Evidence for Small, Short-Lived Drops of Early Universe Quark-Gluon Plasma?

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UPTON, NY-Particles emerging from even the lowest energy collisions of small deuterons with large heavy nuclei at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider-a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility for nuclear physics research at DOE’s Brookhaven National Laboratory-exhibit behavior scientists associate with the formation of a soup of quarks and gluons, the fundamental building blocks of nearly all visible matter.

These results from RHIC’s PHENIX experiment suggest that these small-scale collisions might be producing tiny, short-lived specks of matter that mimics what the early universe was like nearly 14 billion years ago, just after the Big Bang.

The new findings-correlations in the way particles emerge from the collisions that are consistent with what physicists have observed in the more energetic large-ion collisions-add to a growing body of evidence from RHIC and Europe’s Large Hadron Collider that QGP may be created in smaller systems as well.

One of the earliest signs that RHIC’s collisions of two gold ions were creating QGP came in the form of “Collective flow” of particles. Over a period of about five weeks in 2016, the PHENIX team explored collisions of deuterons with gold ions at four different energies.

“Thanks to the versatility of RHIC and the ability of the staff in Brookhaven’s Collider-Accelerator Department to quickly switch and tune the machine for different collision energies, PHENIX was able to record more than 1.5 billion collisions in this short period of time,” Velkovska said.

For the paper submitted to PRC, Darren McGlinchey, a PHENIX collaborator from Los Alamos National Laboratory, led an analysis of how particles emerged along the elliptical plane of the collisions as a function of their momentum, how central the collisions were, and how many particles were produced.

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Article originally posted at www.bnl.gov

Post Author: Tina Hesman Saey

1 thought on “New Evidence for Small, Short-Lived Drops of Early Universe Quark-Gluon Plasma?

    Andrew Frey

    (January 24, 2018 - 12:18 am)

    When they are doing it with photons, then they will ‘know what they are doing’. Smashing gold atoms together seems comical at that scale. Like studying balloons by crashing cars with balloons in them together.
    Gold has a mass of 197.
    79 protons and 118 neutrons.

    Then there’s this simplified view of quarks.. I suspect that it will become more advanced at least if it hasn’t already gotten more complex.

    So that’s 197 x 3 ‘total quarks’. or 591 quarks.

    I think of gluon as a metaphor for that connection between quarks.
    It’s not clear they are understood well either (disclosure, I’m a longtime Physics undergraduate).
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Standard_Model_of_Elementary_Particles.svg

    The ‘zero mass’ aspect of gluons I find particularly dubious. Even photons have mass. Even neutrinos have mass.

    Photonics will be the next stage of physics, Will be interesting for the study of of the origin of the universe..
    The DOE isn’t qualified to touch it tho.

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