In Brief Researchers at the University of Birmingham have discovered a new method to regenerate bone and other human tissue. A new method of regenerating human tissue has been discovered by researchers at the University of Birmingham.
According to one of the researchers in a video produced by the University, Dr. Owen Davies, EPSRC E-TERM landscape fellow at the University of Birmingham and Loughborough University, “What we aim to do is to capture these vesicles, to purify them and then to exploit them as a regenerative tool.” The method opens up entirely new possibilities for the regeneration of bone, teeth, and cartilage.
Grafts taken from patients have greater risks of morbidity and often cannot meet the demands posed by some circumstances, bone tissue transplants from donors run the risk of being rejected by the recipient, and other methods have possible serious side effects and prohibitive costs.
The extracellular vesicle method allows researchers to regenerate human tissue without running into these factors and others like the ethical concerns inherent in other developing solutions like stem cell therapies.
As researcher Sophie Cox, Ph. D., from the School of Chemical Engineering explains, “Though we can never fully mimic the complexity of vesicles produced by cells in nature, this work describes a new pathway harnessing natural developmental processes to facilitate hard tissue repair.”
Developments allowing medical professionals to work at the nanoscale has created a new smorgasbord of possibilities for treating well-established issues in new and novel ways.